behaviourism


behaviourism
   Behaviourism is the view that mental states are behavioural states. So, for example, pain is crying out in a particular manner or flinching in a particular way. The view has never been popular with Christian philosophers, not only because of the obvious problems of the stoic (who suppresses pain-behaviour when pain is felt) and the actor (who simulates pain-behaviour when it is not felt), but also because it is hard to see that any remotely plausible behaviouristic analysis can apply to God.
   See soul
   Further reading: Clark, Gordon H. 1982; Ryle 1949

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Behaviourism — behaviourism …   Philosophy dictionary

  • behaviourism — ehaviourism n. same as {behaviorism}. Syn: behaviorism, behavioristic psychology, behaviouristic psychology. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • behaviourism — Highly influential academic school of psychology that dominated psychological theory in the U.S. between World War I and World War II. Classical behaviourism concerned itself exclusively with the objective evidence of behaviour (measured… …   Universalium

  • behaviourism — An approach which can be found in philosophy, but more especially psychology, which denies (with greater or lesser insistence) that consciousness has any relevance to the understanding of human behaviour. Behaviour is seen in terms of an… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • behaviourism — In psychology behaviourism, associated with Watson and such researchers as Ivan Pavlov (1849–1936), was first of all a methodological view, counselling the avoidance of introspection and the subjective in favour of the scientific measurement of… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • behaviourism — [[t]bɪhe͟ɪvjərɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT Behaviourism is the belief held by some psychologists that the only valid method of studying the psychology of people or animals is to observe how they behave. Derived words: behaviourist plural N COUNT Even the… …   English dictionary

  • behaviourism — chiefly British variant of behaviorism …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • behaviourism — noun an approach to psychology focusing on behaviour, denying any independent significance for mind and assuming that behaviour is determined by the environment …   Wiktionary

  • behaviourism — n. an approach to psychology postulating that only observable behaviour need be studied, thus denying any importance to unconscious processes. Behaviourists are concerned with the laws regulating the occurrence of behaviour (see conditioning). •… …   Medical dictionary

  • behaviourism — be|hav|iour|is|m BrE behaviorism AmE [bıˈheıvjərızəm] n [U] the belief that the scientific study of the mind should be based only on people s behaviour, not on what they say about their thoughts and feelings >behaviourist n …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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